Дата публикации: 2018-05-27 13:59
The simplest rule of all the systems I talk about in the book is: learn from your neighbours. An individual ant alters its behaviour based on the behaviour of other ants that it happens to encounter out of all those semi-random encounters, the higher-level order of the colony emerges. A neuron in your brain decides to fire or not to fire based on the input from other neurons to which it is connected. A given "block" in the game SimCity decides to raise or lower its crime rate or pollution levels based on the crime or pollution in neighbouring blocks. All of these systems follow relatively simple rules, but they project those rules out over thousands (or, in the case of the brain, billions) of interacting agents. Given enough interactions, and given the right rules, something magical happens: the colony starts organising its workforce the brain starts thinking the simulated city comes to life on the screen.
Wearable devices such as smartwatches have become more popular in recent times even though they generally require a smartphone to work.
This will affect how we work, commute, and spend our leisure time. It may well influence how we relate to one another, and how we think about the world. Certainly, our lives will be augmented: better public transportation systems, quicker responses from police and fire services, more efficient energy consumption. But there could also be dystopian impacts: dwindling privacy and imperiled personal data. We could even lose some of the ferment that makes large cities such compelling places to live chaos is stressful, but it can also be stimulating.
Like many technocrats, Conway also is concerned about possible threats to individual rights posed by data collected in the name of the commonwealth.
On the other hand, the connected city exists to serve people, not the other way around, observes Drew Conway , senior advisor to the New York City Mayor 8767 s Office of Data Analytics and founder of the data community support group DataGotham. People ultimately act in their self-interest, and if the connected city brings boons, people will accept and support it. But attention must be paid to unintended consequences, emphasizes Conway.
A key feature of distributed intelligence is that no one part has to have the whole answer. Rather, the intelligence of the whole emerges through the actions and interactions of its parts. ~ Joanna Macy & Chris Johnstone
Emergence is a tour of what are called adaptive self-organising systems: systems that are made up of many interacting agents who are individually not terribly smart, but who collectively come up with intelligent higher-level behaviour. An ant colony is a great example of this kind of system: nobody is technically "in charge", and yet somehow the ants manage to behave in astonishingly complex and nuanced ways: quickly determining the shortest distance to a nearby food source, shifting roles among the colony members in response to changing needs. It turns out that the world is filled with these systems: in the formation of city neighborhoods, in the way our immune system learns about new invading microorganisms, in the neuronal connections of our brains.
8775 I never forget that humanity is behind all those bits of data I consume, 8776 says Conway. 8775 Who does the data serve, after all? Human beings decided why and where to put out those sensors, so data is inherently biased — and I always keep the human element in mind. And ultimately, we have to look at the true impacts of employing that data. 8776
Many of the biggest toys your child will want for their birthdays and Christmases to come will be filled with technology and may even connect to a smartphone or the internet.
Parental controls also work in the same way, with Apple and Google app stores for respective devices having rating systems and strict submission guidelines for apps. However, if you require extra control over content it will normally be available to set through the linked smartphone rather than directly on the watch itself.